[考官自曝评分思路II] 实例解析雅思口语Part3:差0.5分?原因居然在此!

2020-04-27
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(本文转载至雅思考试官方公众号)


官方考官对中外考生实例点评不确定性最大的part 3

同样考官亲自码上的三篇实例解析,

6/6.5/7分的差距到底在哪里?

清楚直观滴告诉你!


评分人的脑回路,即将在你面前曝光,

为你的口语备考指一条明路。

Ready? Go!

考生A - 成绩:6分




Examiner comments 考官评语:


The candidate is willing to answer the examiner’s questions and provide details even though the examiner needs to ask quite a few follow-up questions to get an expanded answer. Frequent hesitations and repetitions affect the fluency which prevents the candidate from reaching a Band 7 for fluency and coherence. In general, the candidate uses appropriate vocabulary tomake herself understood and her range is sufficient for Band 6, even though some inappropriacies exist (relax them; internationals). In terms of grammatical range and accuracy, the candidate shows an understanding of simple and complex structures, however her use is quite limited and there are frequent mistakes (the city are overcrowded; the committee have; how the history like). The candidate’s pronunciation fluctuates and even though she can be generally understood throughout the test, there is limited control and some mispronunciation which affect clarity (magazine; culture; fund; economy).

该考生积极回答考官的问题,虽然考官需要提出多个后续问题时,来引导考生展开回答,但考生的答案也已经包含了细节。考生回答过程中频繁出现迟疑停顿和重复,影响了流利度和连贯性,导致其未能拿到7 分的成绩。整体而言,该考生用词恰当,表意较清晰,虽然出现了几处用词不当的情况(如relax them; internationals ),但整体上达到了 6 分的标准。从语法和准确性方面来看,该考生对简单句式和复杂句式有一定的掌握,但其实际运用的句式非常有限,而且多次出错(如the city are overcrowded; the committee have; how the history like )。虽然从整体上看,考生的意思表达得比较清晰,但她的发音不太稳定,部分单词发音有误,影响了考生的表达清晰度(如magazine;culture; fund; economy )。

The candidate’s performance fits Band 6.

考生口语达到6分标准。


考生B - 成绩:6.5 分




Examiner comments 考官评语:



The candidate speaks at length without noticeable effort, with very little hesitation or self-correction. She uses a number of cohesive devices and connectives in an appropriate manner (because; but; for example), however, the range is quite limited. The candidate demonstrates a wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length, and she conveys her ideas and opinions effectively. However, she rarely uses some less common and idiomatic vocabulary, and she makes a number of inaccurate word choices (defend instead of offend; the collocation listen totheir route). A range of structures is used, but more variety is needed to achieve a higher band score. She also makes a number of mistakes throughout, though they do not impede conversation in any way (too many pollutions; there are still some people they like travelling by group). As for pronunciation, she is easy to understand the whole time, and uses a range of pronunciation features to good effect. In particular, she uses intonation well to indicate the end of a sentence (by lowering her tone). To achieve a higher score in pronunciation, she needs to develop her stress patterns at the sentence level, which will help her make more precise distinctions when conveying meaning.

该考生回答详细、充分,表达自然,很少出现迟疑或自我更正的情况。考生恰当运用了大量衔接性表达和连接词(如because; but; for example ),但此类表达的储备量非常有限。考生的词汇量非常丰富,能够对相关话题做出详细回答,而且意思和观点表达清晰。不过,考生很少用到非常见的高分词汇和习语,并且许多地方用词不当(如 offend说成了 defend; listen to their route搭配不当)。考生运用了众多不同的句式结构但要想得到更高的分数,考生在这方面还有待进一步提升。此外,虽然考生全程对话较流畅,但出现了很多错误(如too many pollutions; there are still some people they like travelling by group)。发音方面,考生自始至终表述清晰,便于考官理解,并且运用了许多发音技巧,效果良好,尤其是对句子末尾的语调掌控较好(句尾降低音调)。为了在发音方面得到更高的分数,考生需要进一步提升单词重读方面的技巧,以便在传达信息时更加准确地区分信息重点。

This is a good example of a band 6.5 speaker.

该考生是雅思口语 6.5 分的一个典型例子。


考生C - 成绩:7分






Examiner comments 考官评语:


The candidate is able to answer questions straight away without lengthy pauses. While some questions are answered with brief responses, others contain plenty of elaboration. Longer responses are logically sequenced. The sentences this candidate produces contain ample substitution. She makes some small errors that do not reduce communicative effect (…if there is enough career opportunities…; It get people become lazier). There is evidence of uncommon lexis that is relevant to the topic (career opportunities; core of a family) and there is evidence of collocations (along the river) and paraphrasing (shelter them). Clarity is sometimes lost (you came out remoted with a remoter) but her range of lexis also allows for precision of expression (thiss o-called Chinese miracle). The candidate generally applies appropriate stress patterns. Some mispronunciations can obscure clarity of individual words (hectic > hattic; medical curtum).

该考生能够直接回答考官的问题,中间未出现较长停顿。考生的部分回答很简短,但其他问题回答得比较详细,而且逻辑清晰。考生运用的句式结构十分丰富。虽然考生出现了几处小错误,但这并不影响双方交流(如…if there is enough career opportunities…; It get people become lazier)。考生在表述相关话题时用到了一些非常见词汇(如career opportunities; core of a family ),还运用了短语搭配(如along the river )和改述(如shelter them )。有的地方意思表达不清晰(如you came out remoted with a remoter ),但考生词汇量较丰富,可以准确传达出自己的意思(如this so-called Chinese miracle )。整体而言,该考生对重音/重度的掌握较好,个别单词发音不准确(如hectic > hattic; medical curtum),导致表达不够清晰。

In this part, the candidate’s performance reaches Band 7.

该考生在这一部分的表现达到了7分标准。


Developed by British Council East Asia Assessment Solutions Team

以上内容由英国文化教育协会东亚地区英语测评专家组提供


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